What Are The 7 Types of AI and What They Can Do?

May 17th 2023

types of AI

Think you know all about AI? Think again! Did you know that there are different types of AI systems out there, each with its own unique abilities? From reactive machines to self-aware systems, we’ll explore the different types of AI and what they’re capable of.

Artificial intelligence has transformed numerous industries, but did you know that there are different types of AI systems? Understanding these types is crucial for anyone seeking to harness the power of AI or stay informed about the technology shaping our future.

In this post, we’ll explore the distinctions between narrow AI, general AI, and super AI based on their capabilities, as well as the functionalities of AI, including reactive machines, limited theory, theory of mind, and the theoretical concept of self-awareness. By gaining a deeper understanding of these AI systems, you’ll be able to appreciate their potential applications and limitations.

Understanding AI Based Systems: Capabilities vs Functionalities


When we talk about AI systems, we typically consider two key aspects: capabilities and functionalities.

  • Capabilities refer to what an AI system can do, such as perform specific tasks or operate at a certain level of intelligence. For instance, an AI system could be designed to recognize speech, detect objects in an image, make decisions, or create new knowledge.


  • On the other hand, functionalities refer to how an AI system operates and interacts with the world around it. This includes aspects such as perception, reasoning, learning, and communication. For example, an AI system could operate as a reactive machine, responding to specific inputs without any understanding of context or history. Alternatively, it could operate with a theory of mind, understanding and anticipating the beliefs, desires, and intentions of other entities.


It’s important to note that capabilities and functionalities are interrelated and can influence each other. The capabilities of an AI system may affect the types of functionalities that can be implemented, while the functionalities of an AI system can impact its overall capabilities.

To understand AI systems better, we need to consider both capabilities and functionalities. By doing so, we can evaluate their strengths and limitations and develop more effective and responsible applications of this technology. To achieve this, we need to leverage AI capabilities and functionalities in a complementary and thoughtful way, unlocking the full potential of this technology to benefit society and address some of the world’s most pressing challenges.

Types of AI Based on Capabilities


Narrow AI


The first type is Narrow AI, which is designed to perform a specific task and can only do that task. An example would be a self-driving car that solely drives itself but cannot perform any other tasks. Narrow AI is also referred to as weak AI because of its limited scope.


General AI


Next, we have General AI, which is designed to possess the ability to perform any intellectual task that a human can do. It can reason, solve problems, and make decisions. General AI, also known as strong AI, is not confined to a specific set of tasks but can handle various problem-solving scenarios that require reasoning and decision-making. It’s important to note that while General AI is an exciting concept, it remains purely theoretical, and real-world applications of this technology have yet to be realized.


Super AI


Lastly, we have Super AI, an AI system that aims to surpass human intelligence. It is capable of performing tasks that exceed human capacity. This type of AI is also known as Artificial Super Intelligence. Super AI represents the most advanced level of AI systems, with the potential to revolutionize our understanding of AI and its capabilities. However, it’s crucial to mention that Super AI, too, is currently in the realm of theory, and practical applications are yet to be developed.

Types of AI Based on Functionalities


Reactive Machines


 Reactive Machines are the simplest type of AI systems that are designed to respond to specific situations based on pre-programmed rules without memory or the ability to learn from past experiences. They lack the ability to remember or learn from past experiences and cannot handle complex tasks that require reasoning or decision-making.


Limited Memory


Limited Memory AI systems have the ability to learn from past experiences and store that knowledge to make more informed decisions in the future. These systems can analyze large amounts of data and identify patterns that can be used to make predictions or recommendations. Limited memory AI is commonly used in applications such as fraud detection, speech recognition, and recommendation engines.


Theory of Mind


Theory of Mind AI systems have a deeper understanding of human emotions, thoughts, and beliefs. These systems can recognize and interpret human emotions, which allows them to interact with humans in a more natural and intuitive way. Theory of Mind AI is still in the early stages of development, but it has the potential to revolutionize the way we interact with machines.




Self-Awareness AI systems are the most advanced type of AI systems, where machines are capable of not only understanding the thoughts and emotions of others, but also understanding their own consciousness and existence. Self-aware AI is still purely theoretical, and there is no real-world application of this technology yet. However, it has the potential to revolutionize the way we think about AI and consciousness.

The Future of AI


In conclusion, the field of artificial intelligence is rapidly advancing, and the development of various types of AI systems is paving the way for many exciting possibilities in the future. While there are still significant challenges to overcome, such as ethical considerations and technical limitations, the potential benefits of AI are enormous. As we continue to refine and develop AI systems, we can expect to see their applications become increasingly sophisticated and diverse, revolutionizing the way we live and work. It will be fascinating to see how these different types of AI systems evolve and what new possibilities they will unlock in the coming years.

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